Diane J. Treat-Jacobson, PhD, RN, FAAN

Professor, School of Nursing

Diane J. Treat-Jacobson

Contact Info


Office Phone 612-624-7613

Fax 612-625-7180

Office Address:
6-118 Weaver-Densford Hall

Mailing Address:
School of Nursing
University of Minnesota
5-140 Weaver-Densford Hall
308 Harvard Street SE
Minneapolis, MN 55455

Professor, School of Nursing

Associate Dean for Research, School of Nursing

Cora Meidl Siehl Chair in Nursing Research for Improved Care

PhD, University of Minnesota (major:Nursing; minor: Physiology), 1998

MS, University of Maryland-Baltimore (Nursing), 1988

BSN, Georgetown University (Nursing), 1981


Professional Associations

  • Cooperative Membership:
    Adult and Gerontological Nursing
  • Center Membership:
    Center for Aging Science and Care Innovation


Research Summary/Interests

Specialty areas are outcomes of exercise training in patients with claudication from peripheral arterial disease; quality of life assessment in patients with peripheral arterial disease; quality of life measurement.

Peripheral Artery Disease Quality of Life Questionnaire (PADQOL)
To request permission to use the PADQOL, please complete the user agreement: https://is.gd/padqol

Research Funding Grants

Research and Education Grants:

Title: Promoting Healthy Aging and Mobility in Rural Minnestoa: The PAD PRAIRIE Initiative
Funding Source: Margaret A. Cargill Foundation
Amount: $1,645,967.
Time Period: 6/1/15 to 5/31/18
Role: Project Director/Principle Investigator

Title: Translation of an evidence-based therapeutic exercise program for patients with PAD
Funding Source: M. Health
Amount: $80,000
Time Period: September/1/2015 to May/31//2016
Role: Co-Principal Investigator

Title: The Relationship of Resting Cardiopulmonary Function to Maximal and Submaximal Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing in Older patients with Heart Failure (Marjorie Webb, PI)
Funding Source: American Nurses Foundation
Amount: $29,805
Time Period: October 1, 2014-September 30, 2016
Role: Faculty Mentor

Title: The effects of web-based social support on weight loss in female registered nurses (Julie Sabo, PI)
Funding Source: Minnesota Nurses Association Foundation
Amount: $10,000
Time Period: September 1, 2014-August 30, 2016
Role: Faculty Mentor

Title: Exercise as an adjunct therapy to reduce blood pressure in chronic kidney disease (Ulf Bronas, PI)
Funding Source: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases R-03
Amount: $150,000 direct costs
Time Period: July1, 2013-June 30 2015
Role: Co-investigator

Title: Long-term Outcomes of Supervised Exercise in Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD): Impact of Differing Modes of Exercise 1 - 4 Years Post-Intervention (Laura Kirk, PI)
Funding Source: Society for Vascular Nursing
Amount: $3,000
Time Period: 6/1/13-5/31/15
Role: Co-Principal Investigator

Title: Characterization of the PAD Symptom Experience (Erica Schorr, PI)
Funding Source: National Institute of Nursing Research 1F31NR012866
Amount: $156,052
Time Period: 5/1/11-8/26/13
Role: Faculty Mentor

Title: Exercise Training to Reduce Claudication: Arm Ergometry versus Treadmill Walking
Funding Source: National Heart Lung and Blood Institute 5 R-01 HL090854
Amount: $3,638,585
Time Period: 9/15/08-4/30/13 (no-cost extension 5/1 13-4/30/14)
Role: Principal Investigator

Title:CLEVER (CLaudication: Exercise Versus Endoluminal Repair) Study (T. Murphy, PI)
Funding Source: National Heart Lung and Blood Institute R-01 #3U01HL077221-02S1
Amount/ % Effort: 2% Effort
Time Period: 2006- 2011
Role: Exercise Training Committee Member

Title: Near Infra-red Spectroscopy Shared Equipment Grant
Funding Source: University of Minnesota Graduate School
Amount Requested: $ 15,000
Time Period: 7/1/2010-1/1/2012
Role: Co-Investigator (Painter, P, PI)

Title: A Pilot Study of Cycling Exercise and Wound Healing in Diabetic ESRD Patients
Funding Source: P-20 Center for Health Trajectory Research (NINR)
Amount Requested: $10,000
Time Period: 5/1/09-4/30/10
Role: Co-Investigator (Painter, P, PI)

Title: Lite-HEARTEN
Funding Source: Minneapolis Heart Institute Foundation
Amount: $ 39,023
Time Period: 6/30/09-6/29/10
Role: Co-Investigator

Title of Project: Exercise Training to Reduce Claudication: Arm Ergometry versus Treadmill Walking

Funding Agency: National Heart Lung and Blood Institute 5 R-01 HL090854-02
Role: Principal Investigator
Project Dates: 9/15/2005-4/30/2013

Title of Project: Mechanism of improvement in response to upper vs. lower extremity aerobic training in patients with claudication
Funding Agency: AHC Clinical Research Scholarship
Role: Clinical Scholar
Project Dates: 2005-2008

Title of Project: Fesler-Lampert Chair in Aging
Funding Agency: UMN Center on Aging
Role: Chair
Project Dates: 9/1/2004-8/31/2006

Title of Project: The Utility of Upper Extremity Aerobic Training for Critical Limb Ischemia
Funding Agency: AHC Faculty Development Grant
Role: Principal Investigator
Project Dates: 12/1/2003-11/30/2005

Title of Project: Evaluation of the Effects of Upper Extremity Ergometry in Patients with Critical Limb Ischemia
Funding Agency: Densford Center for Nursing Leadership, U of Minnesota
Role: Principal Investigator
Project Dates: 9/03-8/04

Title of Project: Predictors of a Successful Response to Exercise Training for Patients with Peripheral Arterial Disease
Funding Agency: American Heart Association Scientist Development Grant
Role: Principal Investigator
Project Dates: 7/02-6/06

Title of Project: PARTNERS Preceptorship Survey
Funding Agency: Bristol Myers Squibb/ Sanofi Synthelabo
Role: Co-Investigator
Project Dates: 2002-Present

Title of Project: PARTNERS: PAD Awareness, Risk, and Treatment: New Resources for Survival
Funding Agency: Bristol-Myers Squibb/ Sanofi Partnership
Role: Steering Committee Member; MN Regional Coordinator
Project Dates: 1999-Present

Title of Project: Assessment of Disease-Specific Health-Related Quality of Life in Patients with Peripheral Arterial Disease: Development of a New PAD Questionnaire
Funding Agency: Society of Vascular Nursing Research Award
Role: Principal Investigator
Project Dates: 1997-Present


Selected Publications:

  • Lee S, Schorr EN, Hadidi NN, Kelley R, Treat-Jacobson D, Lindquist R, (In Press). Power of Peer Support to Change Health Behavior to Reduce Risks for Heart Disease and Stroke for African American Men in a Faith-Based Community. Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities.
  • Ehrman JK, Lui K, Treat-Jacobson D. (2018). Supervised Exercise Therapy for Symptomatic Peripheral Artery Disease. J Clinical Exercise Physiology.
  • Salisbury DL, Brown RJ, Bronas UG, Kirk LN, Treat-Jacobson D. (In Press). Measurement of peripheral blood flow in patients with peripheral artery disease: Methods and considerations Vascular Medicine
  • Salisbury DL, Whipple MO, Burt M, Brown R, Hirsch AT, Foley C, Treat-Jacobson D. (In press). Translation of an evidence-based therapeutic exercise program for patients with peripheral artery disease. Journal Vascular Nursing.
  • Whipple MO, Schorr EN, Talley KMC, Lundquist R, Bronas UG, Treat-Jacobson D. (2017). Variability in individual response to aerobic exercise interventions among older adults. Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, Sept 27, 1-37.
  • Lee S, Schorr E, Chi CL, Treat-Jacobson D, Mathiason M.A,Lindquist R. (2017). Peer group and text message-based weight-loss and management intervention for African American women. Western Journal of Nursing Research [Epub ahead of print]. PMID: 28335711
  • Schorr EN, Treat-Jacobson D, Lindquist, R (2017). The relationship between peripheral artery disease (PAD) symptomatology and ischemia. Nursing Research, Sept-Oct; 66 (5) 378-387. PMID: 28858146
  • Riegel B, Moser DK, Buck HG, Dickson VV, Dunbar SB, Lee, CS, Lennie TA, Lindenfield J, Mitchell JE, Treat-Jacobson D, Webber DE. (2017). Self-Care for the Prevention and Management of Cardiovascular Disease and Stroke, A Scientific Statement from the American Heart Association. Journal of the American Heart Association. PMID: 28860232
  • Rich K, Treat-Jacobson D, DeVeaux T, Fitzgerald K, Thomson L, Foley A, Hill D. (2017). Society for Vascular Nursing carotid endarterectomy (CEA) updated nursing clinical practice guideline. J. Vasc Nurs. 35 (2): 90-111. PMID: 28527733
  • Gerhard-Herman MD, Gornik HL, Barrett C, Barshes NR, Corriere MA, Drachman DE, Fleischer LA, Fowkes FGR, Hamberg NM, Kinlay S, Lookstein R, Misra S, Mureebe L, Olin JW, Patel RAG, Regensteiner JG, Schanzer A, Shishehbor MH, Stewart KJ, Treat-Jacobson D, Walsh ME. (2017) 2016 AHA/ACC guideline on the management of patients with lower extremity peripheral artery disease: executive summary: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines. Circulation; 135: (12): e686-e725. PMID: 27808440332
  • Zargarian N, Lindquist, R, Schorr, EN, Lee S, Savik, K, Moore, MM, Treat-Jacobson, D.(In Review). Feasibility of a Community-Based Behavioral Weight-Loss Program for African-American Women. Submitted/in revision to Western Journal of Nursing Research.
  • Schorr EN, Peden-McAlpine C, Treat-Jacobson D, Lindquist R. (2015). Characterization of the peripheral artery disease symptom experience. Geriatr Nurs. 2015 Jul-Aug;36(4):293-300. PMID: 25935355
  • Zargarian N, Lindquist, R, Gross, CR, Treat-Jacobson D. (2014). Outcome of behavioral weight loss programs in perimenopause. South Med J (107 (8) 486-96. PMID: 25084185
  • Witt DR, Lindquist RA, Treat-Jacobson D, Boucher JL, Konety S, Savik K (2013). Motivational interviewing to reduce cardiovascular risk in African American and Latina Women. Western Journal of Nursing Research 35 (10) 1266-79. PMID: 237977099
  • Rumsfeld JS, AlexanderK, Goff D, Graham M, Ho, MP, Masoudi FA, Moser D, Roger VL, Slaughter MS, Smolderen KG, Spertus JA, Sullivan MD, Treat-Jacobson D, Zerwic J. From the Interdisciplinary Council on Quality of Care and Outcomes Research (QCOR); Sponsored by Council on Cardiovascular Nursing; Council on Epidemiology and Prevention; Council on Peripheral Vascular Disease; Stroke Council. (2013) ScienScScsjjklgfhelkfCardiovascular Health: The Importance of Measuring Patient-Reported Health Status. Circulation. PMID: 23648778
  • Treat-Jacobsen, D., Rich, K., DeVeaux, T., Fitzgerald, K., Flood, A., Gilpin, V., Jepson, CA., Kirk LN., Smith D., Thomson, L., For the Society for Vascular Nursing Practice and Research Committee (2013) Society for Vascular Nursing clinical practice guideline (CPG) for carotid artery stenting. Journal of Vascular Nursing, 31 (1); 32-55.
  • Schorr E, Treat-Jacobson D (2013). Methods of symptom evaluation and their impact on peripheral artery disease (PAD) symptom prevalence: A review. Vascular Medicine; 18: 95-111. PMID: 25935355
  • Hadidi N, Lindquist R, Treat-Jacobson D, Swanson P (2013). Participant withdrawal: challenges and practical solutions for recruitment and retention in clinical trials. Creative Nursing, 19 (1): 37-41. PMID: 23600026
  • Aboyans V, Criqui MH, Abraham P, Allison MA, Creager MA, Diehm C, Fowkes FGR, Hiatt WR, Jonsson B, Lacroix P, Marin B, McDermott MM, Norgren L, Pande RL, Preux P-M, Stoffers HE, Treat-Jacobson D. (2012). Measurement and interpretation of the ankle-brachial index: A scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation; 126 (24):2890-909. PMID: 23159553
  • Treat-Jacobson D, Lindquist RA, Witt D, Kirk LN, Schorr EN, Bronas UG, Davey C, Regensteiner JG (2012). The PADQOL: Development of a PAD-Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire. PMID: 23184901
  • Hirsch AT, Allison MA, Gomes AS, Corriere MA, Duval S, Ershow AG, Hiatt WR, Karas RH, Lovell MB, McDermott MM, Mendes DM, Nussmeier NA, Treat-Jacobson D. (2012). A call to action: Women and Peripheral artery disease: A scientific statement from the American Heart Association. Circulation 125; 1449-1472. PMID: 22343782
  • Creager MA, Belkin M, Bluth EI, Casey DE Jr, Chaturvedi S, Dake MD, Fleg JL, Hirsch AT, Jaff MR, Kern JA, Malenka DJ, Martin ET, Mohler ER 3rd, Murphy T, Olin JW, Regensteiner JG, Rosenwasser RH, Sheehan P, Stewart KJ, Treat-Jacobson D, Upchurch GR Jr, White CJ, Ziffer JA. (2012). 2012 ACCF/AHA/ACR/SCAI/SIR/STS/SVM/SVN/SVS Key Data Elements and Definitions for Peripheral Atherosclerotic Vascular Disease. A Report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Data Standards (Writing Committee to Develop Clinical Data Standards for Peripheral Atherosclerotic Vascular Disease). Circulation; 125(2):395-467. PMID: 22144570
  • Murphy TP, Cutlip DE, Regensteiner JG, Mohler ER, Cohen DJ, Reynolds MR, Massaro JM, Lewis BA, Cerezo J, Oldenburg NC, Thum CC, Goldberg S, Jaff MR, Steffes MW, Comerota AJ, Ehrman J, Treat-Jacobson D, Walsh ME, Collins T, Badenhop DT, Bronas UG, Hirsch AT; for the CLEVER Study Investigators.(2012). Supervised Exercise Versus Primary Stenting for Claudication Resulting From Aortoiliac Peripheral Artery Disease: Six-Month Outcomes From the Claudication: Exercise Versus Endoluminal Revascularization (CLEVER) Study. Circulation; 125:130-139. PMID: 22090168
  • Bronas UG, Treat-Jacobson, D (2011). Peripheral artery disease in the elderly: Prevalence, clinical implications, and therapy. Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports; DOI 10.1007/s12170-011-0185-1.
  • Treat-Jacobson D, Henly S, Bronas UG, Leon AS, Henly G. (2011). The Pain Trajectory during Treadmill Testing in Peripheral Artery Disease. Nursing Research. 60 :S38-49 PMID: 21543960
  • Bronas UG, Treat-Jacobson D, Leon, AS (2011). Comparison of the Effect of Upper Body Ergometry Aerobic Training vs. Treadmill Training on Central Cardiorespiratory Improvement and Walking Distance in Patients with Claudication. Journal of Vascular Surgery. 53: 1557-1564. PMID: 21515017

  • Bronas UG, Hirsch AT, Badenhop D, Collins T, Erman J, Ershow AG, Lewis B, Murphy TP, Treat-Jacobson D, Walsh ME, Regensteiner JG (in Press). Design of the Multicenter Standardized Supervised Exercise Training Intervention for the CLaudication: Exercise Versus Endoluminal Revascularization Study (CLEVER). Vascular Medicine.
  • Treat-Jacobson D, Bronas UG, Leon AS (2009). Efficacy of arm-ergometry versus treadmill exercise training to improve walking distance in patients with claudication. Vascular Medicine, 203-213.
  • Hadidi N, Treat-Jacobson D, Lindquist R (2009). Poststroke Depression and Functional Outcome: A Critical Review of the Literature. Heart & Lung.
  • Lindquist R, Sendelbach S, Windenburg D, VanWormer A, Treat-Jacobson D, Chose D (2008). Challenges of implementing a feasibility study of acupuncture in acute and critical care settings. AACN Advanced Critical Care, 19 (2)
  • Regensteiner JG, Hiatt WR, Coll JR, Criqui MH, Treat-Jacobson D, McDermott MM, Hirsch AT (2008). The impact of peripheral arterial disease on health-related quality of life in the Peripheral Arterial Disease Awareness, Risk, and Treatment: New Resources for Survival (PARTNERS) Program. Vascular Medicine, 13; 15-24.
  • Sandau K, Lindquist R, Treat-Jacobson D, Savik K.(2008) Health-Related Quality of Life and Subjective Neurocognitive Function at 3-Months Post-Coronary Artery Bypass Graft. Heart & Lung 37 161-172.
  • Hirsch AT, Murphy TP, Lovell MB, Twillman G, Treat-Jacobson D, Harwood E, Mohler ER, Creager MA, Hobson RW, Robertson RM, Howard WJ, Criqui MH. (2007). Gaps in public knowledge of peripheral arterial disease: The first national PAD public awareness survey. Circulation 116 (18), 2084-2094.
  • Treat-Jacobson D, Lindquist R (2007). Exercise, quality of life, and symptoms in men and women 5 to 6 years after CABG surgery. Heart & Lung, 36, 387-397.
  • Halm M, Treat-Jacobson D, Lindquist R, Savik K. (2007). Caregiver burden and outcomes of caregiving of spouses of coronary artery bypass patients. Heart & Lung, 36, 170-187.
  • Halm M, Treat-Jacobson D, Lindquist R, Savik K. (2006). Correlates of caregiver burden after coronary artery bypass surgery. Nursing Research 55(6), 426-436.
  • Treat-Jacobson, D., & Lindquist, R. A. (2004). Functional recovery and exercise behavior in men and women 5 to 6 years following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 26(5), 479-498.
  • Olson, K. W. P., & Treat-Jacobson, D. (2004). Symptoms of peripheral arterial disease: A critical review. Journal of Vascular Nursing, 22(3), 72-77.
  • Mohler, E. R. III, Treat-Jacobson, D., Reilly, M. P., Cunningham, K. E., Miani, M., Criqui, M. H., Hiatt, W. R., & Hirsch, A. T. (2004). Utility and barriers to performance of the ankle-brachial index in primary care practice. Vascular Medicine, 9(4), 253-260.
  • Treesak, C., Kasemsup, V., Treat-Jacobson, D., Nyman, J. A., & Hirsch, A. T. (2004). Cost-effectiveness of exercise training to improve claudication symptoms in patients with peripheral arterial disease. Vascular Medicine, 9(4), 279-285.
  • Nehler, M. R., McDermott, M. M., Treat-Jacobson, D., Chetter, I., & Regensteiner, J. G. (2003). Functional outcomes and quality of life in peripheral arterial disease: Current status. Vascular Medicine, 8(2), 115-126.
  • Treat-Jacobson, D., & Walsh, M. E. (2003). Treating patients with peripheral arterial disease and claudication. Journal of Vascular Nursing, 21(1), 5-14.
  • Lindquist, R., Dupuis, G., Terrin, M. L., Hoogwerf, B., Czajkowski, S., Herd, J. A., ... Treat-Jacobson, D., et al. (2003). Comparison of health-related quality-of-life outcomes of men and women after coronary artery bypass surgery through 1 year: Findings from the POST CABG Biobehavioral Study. American Heart Journal, 146(6), 1038-1044.
  • Falcone, R. A., Hirsch, A. T., Regensteiner, J. G., Treat-Jacobson, D., Williams, M. A., Hiatt, W. R., et al. (2003). Peripheral arterial disease rehabilitation: A review. Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation, 23(3), 170-175.
  • Regensteiner, J. G., Walsh, M. E., & Treat-Jacobson, D. (2002). Assessing functional status in patients with claudication. Periphery, 2(4), 1-8.
  • Treat-Jacobson DT, Halverson SL, Ratchford A, Regensteiner JG, Lindquist R, Hirsch AT (2002). A patient-derived perspective of health-related quality-of-life in peripheral arterial disease. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 34 (1) 55-60.
  • Regensteiner JG, Walsh ME, Treat-Jacobson D. (2002). Assessing functional status in patients with claudication.Periphery, 2 (4), 1-8.
  • Hirsch AT, Criqui MH, Treat-Jacobson D, Regensteiner JG, Creager MA, Olin JW, Krook SH, Hunninghake DB, Comerota, AJ, Walsh ME, McDermott MM, & Hiatt WR (2001). Peripheral arterial disease detection, awareness, and treatment in primary care. JAMA, 286, 1317-1324.
  • Hirsch AT, Baker S, Treat-Jacobson D, Lunzer MA, Hotvedt PS, Krook S, Rajala S, Hunninghake DB. 2001 The Minnesota Regional Peripheral Arterial Disease Screening Program: Toward a Definition of Community Standards of Care. Vascular Medicine 6 (2), 87-96.
  • Lindquist, R., Treat-Jacobson, D., & Watanuki, S. (2000). A case for multisite studies in critical care. Heart & Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care, 29 (4), 269-277.
  • Dawson, D.L., Chow, M., Regensteiner, J., Vogt, M., Hegg, C., Lee, S., Treat-Jacobson, D., & Hirsch, A. (1999). Treatment of intermittent claudication secondary to peripheral arterial disease. Pharmacy and Therapeutics, 24 (12), 616-622.
  • Hirsch, A., Treat-Jacobson, D., Lando, H., & Hatsukami, D. (1997). The Role of Tobacco Cessation, Anti-Platelet, and Lipid-Lowering Therapies for the Treatment of Peripheral Arterial Disease. Vascular Medicine, 18, 43-51.
  • Czajkowski, S., Terrin, M., Lindquist, R., Hoogwerf, B. Dupuis, G., Shumaker, S., Gray, R., Herd, A., Treat-Jacobson, D., & Knatterud, G. for the Post CABG Biobehavioral Study Investigators (1997). Comparison of pre-operative characteristics of men and women undergoing bypass graft surgery: Findings of the Post Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) Biobehavioral Study. American Journal of Cardiology, 79, 1017-1024.


Academic Interests and Focus

Nursing Research; Nursing Theory