Mary F. Tracy, PhD, APRN, CNS, FAAN

Associate Professor, Adult and Gerontological Health Cooperative

Mary F. Tracy

Contact Info

tracy005@umn.edu

Office Phone 612-273-6417

Office Address:
6-149 WDH

Mailing Address:
School of Nursing
University of Minnesota
5-140 Weaver-Densford Hall
308 Harvard Street SE
Minneapolis, MN 55455

Associate Professor, Adult and Gerontological Health Cooperative

Senior Nurse Scientist, Fairview Health Services


PhD, Nursing with a minor in Social and Administrative Pharmacy, University of Minnesota, 1999)

MS, Medical-Surgical Nursing, University of Minnesota, 1990

BSN, Nursing, University of Iowa, 1984

Summary

Awards & Recognition

  • Inducted as Fellow – National Association of Clinical Nurse Specialists, 2019
  • Brenda Lyon Leadership Award – National Association of Clinical Nurse Specialists, 2014
  • Minnesota Advanced Practice Nurse of the Year – Minnesota March of Dimes, 2010
  • Marie Hippensteel Lingeman Award for Excellence in Nursing Practice – Sigma Theta Tau International, 2009
  • Inducted as Fellow – American Academy of Nursing, 2004

Professional Associations


  • Center Membership:
    Center for Aging Science and Care Innovation

Research

Research Summary/Interests

Symptom management in critically ill patients; innovative interventions to improve care of critically ill and mechanically ventilated patients; complementary therapies.

Research Funding Grants

Title of Project: Efficacy of Self-Management of Sedative Therapy by Ventilated ICU Patients
Funding Agency: National Heart, Lung, Blood Institute
Role: Co-Investigator
Project Dates: 3/2016 – 2/2021

Title of Project: Safety and Feasibility of an Arm Ergometry Protocol in Mechanically Ventilated Patients
Funding Agency: Department of Critical Care Medicine, University of Minnesota School of Medicine
Role: Principal Investigator
Project Dates: 2/2019-2/2021

Title of Project: Adherence to a Hypoglycemia Protocol
Funding Agency: University of Minnesota Medical Center/MHealth
Role: Co-Principal Investigator
Project Dates: 8/2017 – 12/2019

Title of Project: Pediatric Critical Care Nurses’ Practices Related to Sedation and Analgesia
Funding Agency: University of Minnesota Medical Center/MHealth
Role: Co-Investigator
Project Dates: 6/2016 – 6/2019

Title of Project: Changes in Nurses’ Attitudes and Self-Reported Sedation Administration Practices: 2005 to 2016
Funding Agency: Mayo Clinics
Role: Co-Investigator
Project Dates: 6/2016 – 12/2018

Title of Project: Testing the Feasibility of Patient-Controlled Sedation in Ventilated ICU Patients
Funding Agency: National Institute of Nursing Research
Role: Co-Investigator
Project Dates: 2/2012 – 2/2014

Title of Project: Reducing Sedative Exposure in Ventilated ICU Patients
Funding Agency: National Institute of Nursing Research
Role: Co-Investigator
Project Dates: 4/2006-1/210

Publications

Selected Articles

  • Guttormson, J., Chlan, L., Tracy, M.F., Hetland, B., Weinert, C., & Mandrekar, J. (In press). Nurses’ attitudes and self-reported sedation administration practices: A national survey. American Journal of Critical Care.
  • Tracy, M.F., Chlan, L., Savik, K., Skaar, D.J., & Weinert, C. (2019). A novel research method for determining sedative exposure in critically ill patients. Nursing Research, 68(1), 73-79.
  • Hetland, B., Tracy, M.F., Guttormson, J., & Chlan, L. (2018). “Sedation is tricky”: A qualitative content analysis of nurses’ perceptions of sedation administration in mechanically ventilated ICU patients. Australian Critical Care, 31(3): 153-158.
  • Hetland, B., Hayes, S., Skaar, D., Tracy, M.F., Weinert, C., & Chlan, L. (2018). Letting the Patient Decide: A Case Report of Sedative Self-Administration During Mechanical Ventilation. Critical Care Nurse, 38(1), 17-23.
  • Chlan, L.L., Skaar, D.J., Tracy, M.F., Hayes, S.M., Hetland, B.D., Savik, K., & Weinert, C.R. (2017). Safety and Acceptability of Patient-Administered Sedation During Mechanical Ventilation. American Journal of Critical Care, 26(4), 288-296.
  • Meghani, M., Tracy, M.F., Hadidi, N., & Lindquist, R. (2017). Part II: The Effects of Aromatherapy and Guided Imagery for the Symptom Management of Anxiety, Pain, and Insomnia in Critically Ill Patients. An Integrative Review of Current Literature. Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing, 36(6), 334-348.
  • Sabo, J.A., Chesney, M., Tracy, M.F., & Sendelbach, S. (2017). APRN Consensus Model Implementation: The Minnesota Experience. Journal of Nursing Regulation, 8(2), 10-16.
  • Meghani, N., Tracy, M.F., Hadidi, N., & Lindquist, R. (2017). Part I: The Effects of Music for the Symptom Management of Anxiety, Pain, and Insomnia in Critically Ill Patients. An Integrated Review of Current Literature. Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing, 36(4), 234-243.
  • Tracy, M.F. (2017). Supporting nurses in the critical care environment. AACN Advanced Critical Care, 28(4), 343-344. 
  • Chlan, L., Tracy, M.F., Guttormson, J., & Savik, K. (2015). Description of Peripheral Muscle Strength Assessment and Correlates of Muscle Weakness in Patients Receiving Prolonged Mechanical Ventilatory Support. American Journal of Critical Care, 24(6): e91-e98.
  • Tracy, M.F., Staugaitis, A., Chlan, L., & Heiderscheit, A. (2015). Perceptions of Mechanically Ventilated Patients and Their Families Regarding Use of a Music Intervention. Music and Medicine, 7(3):
    54-58.
  • Tracy, M.F. (2015). Series Introduction: Demonstrating the Value of Clinical Nurse Specialists in Acute and Critical Care. AACN Advanced Critical Care, 26(1), 33-34.
  • Tracy, M.F. Interview by JoAnn Rust. (2015). Clinical Nurse Specialist, 28(6), 55-56.
  • Tracy, M.F., Clark, A., Lindquist, R., Vollman, K., Chan, G., Arbour, R., & Grant, M.J. (2014). American Academy of Nursing: Improving Health and Health Care Systems with Advanced Practice Registered Nurses Practice in Acute and Critical Care Settings. Nursing Outlook, 62(5), 366-370.
  • Tracy, M.F. & Chlan, L. (2014). Interdisciplinary Research Teams. Clinical Nurse Specialist, 28(1), 12-14.
  • Tracy, M.F. (2013). Introduction Symposium Series: Patient Safety Issues in Critical Care. AACN Advanced Critical Care, 24(4), 376-77.
  • Chlan, L., Weinert,C., Heiderscheit, A., Tracy, M.F., Skaar, D.J., Guttormson, J.L., & Savik, K. (2013).
  • Effects of Patient-Directed Music Intervention on Anxiety and Sedative Exposure in Critically Ill Patients Receiving Mechanical Ventilator Aupport: A Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA, 309(22), 2335-2344.
  • Gries CJ, White DB, Truog RD, Dubois J, Cosio CC, Dhanani S, Chan KM, Corris P, Dark J, Fulda G, Glazier AK, Higgins R, Love R, Mason DP, Nakagawa TA, Shapiro R, Shemie S, Tracy M.F., Travaline JM, Valapour M, West L, Zaas D, Halpern SD; American Thoracic Society Health Policy Committee.. An official American Thoracic Society/ International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation/Society of Critical Care Medicine/Association of Organ and Procurement Organizations/United Network of Organ Sharing Statement: ethical and policy considerations in
    organ donation after circulatory determination of death. (2013). American Journal of Respirator;Critical Care Medicine, 188(1), 103-9.
  • Purvis, S., Brown, E., Chan, G.K., Dresser, S., Fulton, J.S., Koyama, K., Mayo, A., & Tracy, M.F. (2012). The National Association of Clinical Nurse Specialists (NACNS). Response to the Institute of
    Medicine’s Future of Nursing Report. http://www.nacns.org/docs/IOM-Recommendations1203....
  • Chlan, L., Tracy, M.F., & Grossbach, I. (2011). Achieving Quality Patient-Ventilator Management: Advancing Evidence-based Nursing Care of Patients Receiving Mechanical Ventilation. Critical Care Nurse, 31(6), 46-50.
  • Tracy, M.F. & Chlan, L. (2011). Nonpharmacologic Interventions to Manage Common Symptoms in Patients Receiving Mechanical Ventilation. Critical Care Nurse, 31(3), 19-28.
  • Grossbach, I., Chlan, L., & Tracy, M.F. (2011). Overview of Mechanical Ventilatory Support and Management of Patient- and Ventilator-Related Responses. Critical Care Nurse, 31(3), 30-44.
  • Chlan, L., Weinert, C., Skaar, D., & Tracy, M.F. (2010). Patient-Controlled Sedation: A Novel Approach to Sedation Management for Mechanically Ventilated Patients. Chest, 138(5), 1045-53.
  • Chlan, L., Guttormson, J., Tracy, M.F., & Bremer, K.L. (2009). Mechanically ventilated patients as research subjects: Strategies for overcoming recruitment challenges. American Journal of Critical
    Care, 18(5), 410-417.
  • Tracy, M.F. & Skillings, K. (2007). Upholding dignity in hospitalized elders. Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America, 19, 303-312.
  • Tracy, M.F., Lindquist, R., Savik, K., Watanuki, S., Sendelbach, S., Kreitzer, M.J., & Berman, B. (2005). Use of complementary and alternative therapies: A national survey of critical care nurses. American Journal of Critical Care, 14, 404-414.
  • Roggow, D., Solie, C., Tracy, M.F., & Gjere, N. (2005). Clinical nurse specialist leadership in computerized provider order entry design. Clinical Nurse Specialist: The Journal for Advanced Nursing Practice, 19(4), 209-214.
  • Lindquist, R., Tracy, M.F., Savik, K., & Watanuki, S. (2005). Regional use of complementary and alternative therapies by critical care nurses. Critical Care Nurse, 25(2), 63-75.
  • Lindquist R, Dupuis G, Terrin ML, Hoogwerf B, Czajkowski S, Herd JA, Barton FB, Tracy MF, Hunninghake DB, Treat-Jacobson D, Shumaker S, Zyzanski S, Goldenberg I, Knatterud GL; POST CABG Biobehavioral Study Investigators. (2003). Comparison of health-related quality of life outcomes of men and women after coronary artery bypass surgery through 1 year: Findings from the POST CABG behavioral study. American Heart Journal, 146(6), 1038-1044.
  • Tracy, M.F. & Lindquist, R. (2003). Preface: Complementary and alternative therapies in critical care. Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America, 15(3), xiii-xiv.
  • Tracy, M.F. & Lindquist, R. (2003). Nursing’s role in complementary and alternative therapy use in critical care. Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America, 15(3), 289-294.
  • Lindquist, R. & Tracy, M.F. (2003). Personal use of complementary and alternative therapies among critical care nurses. Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America, 15(3), 393-399.
  • Meghani, N., Lindquist, R., & Tracy, M.F. (2003). Critical care nurses’ desire to use complementary and alternative modalities (CAM) in critical care and barriers to CAM use. Dimensions in Critical Care Nursing, 22(3), 138-144.
  • Tracy, M.F., Lindquist, R., Watanuki, S., Sendelbach, S., Kreitzer, M.J., Berman, B., & Savik, K. (2003). Nurses’ attitudes towards the use of complementary and alternative therapies in critical care. Heart & Lung, 32(3), 197-209.
  • AACN Advanced Practice Workgroup. (2002). Scope of Practice and Standards of Professional Performance for the Acute and Critical Care Clinical Nurse Specialist. L. Bell (Ed.), Aliso Viejo, CA: American Association of Critical-Care Nurses.
  • Chlan, L., Tracy, M.F., Nelson, B., & Walker, J. (2001). Investigating the feasibility of a music intervention protocol with patients receiving mechanical ventilatory support. Alternative Therapiesin Health and Medicine, 7(6), 80-83.
  • Tracy, M.F. & Ceronsky, C. (2001). Creating a collaborative environment to care for complex patients and families. AACN Clinical Issues: Advanced Practice in Acute and Critical Care, 12(3), 383-400.
  • Wilson, D.E. & Tracy, M.F. (2000). CABG and the elderly. American Journal of Nursing, 100(5), 24AA, 24DD, 24FF.
  • Chlan, L. & Tracy, M.F. (1999). Music therapy in critical care: Indications and guidelines for intervention. Critical Care Nurse, 19(3), 35-41.
  • Lindquist, R., Tracy, M.F., & Treat-Jacobson, D. (1995). Peer review of nursing research proposals. American Journal of Critical Care, 4(1), 59-65.
  • Lekander, B.J., Tracy, M.F., & Lindquist, R. (1994). Overcoming the obstacles to research-based clinical practice. AACN Clinical Issues in Critical Care Nursing, 5(2), 115-23.
  • Tracy, M.F., Hadlich, E.N., Fiebiger, C., Ruffing, B., & Cassidy, L. (1992). Developing nursing guidelines for the PTCA patient. Dimensions of Critical Care Nursing, 11(2), 108-113.

Book Chapters

  • Tracy, M.F. Assessment of Critically Ill Patients and Families. (2019). In S. Burns & S. Delgado. (Eds.), Essentials of Critical Care Nursing, (4 th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
  • Tracy, M.F. Planning Care for Critically Ill Patients. (2019). In S. Burns & S. Delgado. (Eds.), Essentials of Critical Care Nursing, (4 th ed.). New York, NY:McGraw-Hill.
  • Tracy, M.F. Assessment of Progressive Care Patients and Families. (2019). In S. Burns & S. Delgado. (Eds.) Essentials of Progressive Care Nursing, (4 th ed.), New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
  • Tracy, M.F. Planning Care for Progressive Care Patients and Families. (2019). In S. Burns & S. Delgado. (Eds.) Essentials of Progressive Care Nursing, (4 th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
  • Tracy, M.F. & O’Grady, E. (2019). Preface. In Tracy, M.F. & E. O’Grady. (Eds). (6 th ed.). Hamric and Hanson’s Advanced Practice Nursing, Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier.
  • Tracy, M.F. Direct Practice. (2019). In M.F. Tracy & E. O’Grady. (Eds). (6 th ed.). Advanced Practice Nursing, Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier 
  • Hamric, A.B & Tracy, M.F. A Definition of Advanced Practice Nursing. (2019). In M.F. Tracy & E. O’Grady. (Eds). (6 th ed.). Advanced Practice Nursing, Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier
  • Tracy, M.F. & Sendelbach, S. The Clinical Nurse Specialist. (2019). In M.F. Tracy & E. O’Grady. (Eds). (6 th ed.). Advanced Practice Nursing, Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier
  • Watanuki, S., Tracy, M.F., & Lindquist, R. Therapeutic Listening. (2019). In R. Lindquist, M.F. Tracy & M.Snyder. Complementary and Alternative Therapies in Nursing, (8 th ed.). New York: Springer.
  • Lindquist, R., Tracy, M.F., & Snyder, M. (2019). [Preface]. Deepening dimensions of care. In R.
  • Lindquist, R., Tracy, M.F & M. Snyder. Complementary and Alternative Therapies in Nursing, (8 th ed.). New York: Springer.
  • Lindquist, R., Tracy, M.F., & Snyder, M. (2019). Afterword: creating a preferred future – Editors’ reflections. In R. Lindquist, M.F. Tracy, & M. Snyder. Complementary and Alternative Therapies in Nursing, (8 th ed.). New York: Springer.


Published:

  • Tracy, M.F. Glycemic Control. (2018). In V.S. Good & P.L. Kirkwood. (Eds). Advanced Critical Care Nursing, (2 nd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier
  • Tracy, M.F. & Barnsteiner, J. Evidence-Based Practice. (2017). In G. Sherwood & J. Barnsteiner. (Eds). Quality and Safety in Nursing: A Competency Based Approach to Improve Outcomes, (2 nd ed.). West Sussex, UK:Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Tracy, M.F. & Schultz, P. Professional Organizations. (2016). In M. Duffy, J. Fulton, & S. Dresser. (Eds.), CNS Toolkit, (2 nd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: National Association of Clinical Nurse Specialists.
  • Chlan, L., Tracy, M.F., Heiderscheidt, A., & Hetland, B. (2015). Nonpharmacologic Interventions for Pain, Agitation, and Delirium. (2015). In ICU Liberation: The Power of Pain Control, Minimal Sedation, and Early Mobility. (Balas, M., Clemmer, T., & Hargett, K. (Eds.) Chicago, IL: Society of Critical Care Medicine.
  • Tracy, M.F. Assessment of Critically Ill Patients and Families. (2014). In M. Chulay & S. Burns. (Eds.), Essentials of Critical Care Nursing, (3 rd ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
  • Tracy, M.F. Planning Care for Critically Ill Patients. (2014). In M. Chulay & S. Burns. (Eds.), Essentials of Critical Care Nursing, (3 rd ed.). New York, NY:McGraw-Hill.
  • Tracy, M.F. Assessment of Progressive Care Patients and Families. (2014). In M. Chulay & S. Burns. (Eds.) Essentials of Progressive Care Nursing, (3 rd ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
  • Tracy, M.F. Planning Care for Progressive Care Patients and Families. (2014). In M. Chulay & S. Burns. (Eds.) Essentials of Progressive Care Nursing, (3 rd ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
  • Watanuki, S., Tracy, M.F., & Lindquist, R. (2014). Therapeutic Listening. In M. Snyder & R. Lindquist. (Eds). Complementary/Alternative Therapies in Nursing, (7 th ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
  • Tracy, M.F. Direct Practice. (2014). In A. B. Hamric, C. Hanson, M.F. Tracy, & E. O’Grady. (Eds.) (5 th ed.). Advanced Practice Nursing, Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier.
  • Tracy, M.F. & Hanson, C. Leadership. (2014). In A.B. Hamric, C. Hanson, M.F.Tracy, & E. O’Grady. (Eds.) (5 th ed.). Advanced Practice Nursing, Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier.
  • Tracy, M.F. & Barnsteiner, J. Evidence-Based Practice. (2011). In G. Sherwood & J. Barnsteiner. (Eds). Quality and Safety in Nursing: A Competency Based Approach to Improve Outcomes, West Sussex,
    UK:Wiley-Blackwell.
  • Tracy, M.F. Integrative Therapies in Critically Ill Patients. (2011). In L. Chlan & M. Hertz. (Eds.) Integrative Therapies in Lung Health and Sleep, New York, NY: Springer. 
  • Tracy, M.F. Assessment of Critically Ill Patients and Families. (2010). In M. Chulay & S. Burns. (Eds.) Essentials of Critical Care Nursing, (2 nd ed.). New York, NY:McGraw-Hill.
  • Tracy, M.F. Planning Care for Critically Ill Patients. (2010). In M. Chulay & S. Burns. (Eds.) Essentials of Critical Care Nursing, (2 nd ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
  • Tracy, M.F. Assessment of Progressive Care Patients and Families. (2010). In M. Chulay & S. Burns. (Eds.) Essentials of Progressive Care Nursing, (2 nd ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
  • Tracy, M.F. Planning Care for Progressive Care Patients and Families. (2010). In M. Chulay & S. Burns. (Eds.) Essentials of Progressive Care Nursing, (2 nd ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
  • Watanuki, S., Tracy, M.F., & Lindquist, R. (2010). Therapeutic Listening. In M. Snyder & R. Lindquist. (Eds). Complementary/Alternative Therapies in Nursing, (6 th ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
  • Tracy, M.F. & Schultz, P. Professional Organizations (2009). In M. Duffy, J. Fulton, & S. Dresser. (Eds.) CNS Toolkit, Harrisburg, PA: National Association of Clinical Nurse Specialists.
  • Tracy, M.F. Direct Practice. (2008). In A.B. Hamric, J. Spross, & C. Hanson C. (Eds.) (4 th ed.). Advanced Practice Nursing, Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier.
  • Manchester, C & Tracy, M.F. Glycemic Control. (2008). In K. Carlson & P. Kirkwood. (Eds). AACN’s Critical Care Nursing Textbook, Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier. 
  • Tracy, M.F. & Lindquist, R. Systems Thinking. (2007). In M. McKinley. (Ed.) Acute and Critical Care
    Clinical Nurse Specialists: Sharing Best Practices, Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier.
  • Tracy, M.F. Sepsis. (2007). In R. Kaplow & S. Hardin. (Eds). Primer of Critical Care Nursing: A Synergistic Approach, Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
  • Lindquist, R., Watanuki, S., & Tracy, M.F. (2006). Applying Research in Advanced Practice Nursing. In M. Mirr & M. Zwygart-Stauffacher. (Eds.) Advanced Practice Nursing: Core Concepts for Professional Role Development, (3 rd ed.). New York, NY: Springer Publishing Co.
  • Tracy MF. Assessment of Progressive Care Patients and Families. (2006). In M. Chulay & S. Burns. (Eds.) Essentials of Progressive Care Nursing, New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
  • Tracy MF. Planning Care for Progressive Care Patients and Families. (2006). In M. Chulay & S. Burns. (Eds.) Essentials of Progressive Care Nursing, New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
  • Tracy, M.F. Assessment of Critically Ill Patients and Families. (2006). In M. Chulay & S. Burns. (Eds.) Essentials of Critical Care Nursing, New York, NY:McGraw-Hill.
  • Tracy, M.F. Planning Care for Critically Ill Patients. (2006). In M. Chulay & S. Burns. (Eds.) Essentials of Critical Care Nursing, New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
  • Watanuki, S., Tracy, M.F., & Lindquist, R. (2006). Therapeutic Listening. In M. Snyder & R. Lindquist. (Eds). Complementary/Alternative Therapies in Nursing, (5 th ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
  • Watanuki, S., Tracy, M.F., & Lindquist, R. (2002). Therapeutic Listening. In M. Snyder & R. Lindquist. (Eds). Complementary/Alternative Therapies in Nursing, (4 th ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
  • Tracy, M.F. (1998). Positioning. In M. Snyder & R. Lindquist. (Eds.) Complementary/Alternative Therapies in Nursing, (3 rd ed.). New York, NY: Springer.


Editor

  • AACN Advanced Critical Care Journal. Editor-in-Chief, 2008-present.
  • Advanced Practice Nursing: An Integrative Approach. (2019). Tracy, M.F. & O’Grady, E. (Eds.) (6 th ed.). New York, NY: Elsevier.
  • Complementary & Alternative Therapies in Nursing, (2019). Lindquist, R., Tracy, M.F. & Snyder, M. (Eds.) (8 th ed.). New York, NY: Springer. *(Won an AJN Book of The Year Award, 2018) 
  • Advanced Practice Nursing: An Integrative Approach. (2017). [Japanese Translation]. Hamric, A.B., Hanson, C., Tracy, M.F., & O’Grady, E. (Eds.) (5 th ed.). Elsevier Japan KK.
  • Complementary and Alternative Therapies in Nursing. (2016). Lindquist, R., Snyder, M., & Tracy, M.F. (Eds.) (7 th ed.). [Japanese Translation]. Tokyo: Kango-No-Kagaku Sha, Publisher of Books and Journals in Nursing.
  • Advanced Practice Nursing: An Integrative Approach. (2014). A.B. Hamric, C. Hanson, M.F. Tracy, & E. O’Grady. (Eds.) (5 th ed.). New York, NY: Elsevier.
  • Complementary & Alternative Therapies in Nursing. (2014). M. Snyder, R. Lindquist, & M.F. Tracy. (Eds.)
    (7 th ed.). New York, NY: Springer.

Teaching

Academic Interests and Focus

Adult Health, Nursing Research, Critical Care, Evidence-Based Practice, Clinical Nurse Specialist Role

Clinical

Board Certifications

Registered Nurse, State of Minnesota
Clinical Nurse Specialist
Critical Care Nurse Specialist